You are hereGreece / About Greece...

About Greece...


 

Key Facts

Population:         roughly 11 Mio.

Calling code:      +30

Currency:           EUR

Drives:               on the right

Time:                 UTC +2 (winter), UTC+3 (summer)

 

Geographical situation

The country has borders with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east and south of mainland Greece, while the Ionian Sea lies to the west. Due to its 1400 islands (thereof roughly 220 inhabited) Greece has the tenth longest coastline in the world with 14,880 km (9,246 mi).

Eighty percent of Greece consists of mountains or hills, making the country one of the most mountainous in Europe. Mount Olympus, once considered the throne of Gods is the highest peak in the country with 2,917 m (9,570 ft).

 

Climate

The climate of Greece can be divided into three types: the Mediterranean, the Alpine and the Temperate.

The Mediterranean type of climate (the Cyclades, the Dodecanese, Crete, Eastern Peloponessus and parts of the Sterea Ellada) brings along mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. Even if temperatures rarely reach extreme values along the coasts snowfalls occur frequently in winter. It sometimes snows even in the Cyclades or the Dodecanese.

The Alpine type is mainly dominant in the mountainous areas of Northwestern Greece (Epirus, Central Greece, Thessaly, Western Macedonia) as well as in the central parts of Peloponnese.

The Temperate type affects Central Macedonia and East Macedonia and Thrace. It features cold, damp winters and hot, dry summers. Athens is located in a transitional area featuring both the Mediterranean and the Temperate types. The city's northern suburbs are dominated by the temperate type while the downtown area and the southern suburbs enjoy a typical Mediterranean type.

Navigation